Indian J Sex Transm Dis Indian J Sex Transm Dis
Official Publication of the Indian Association for the Study of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Indian J Sex Transm Dis
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 76-81

Trichomoniasis among women in North India: A hospital based study


1 Department of Parasitology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
3 Department of Internal Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Nancy Malla
Department of Parasitology, PGIMER, Chandigarh - 160 012
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0253-7184.48729

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Objectives: Trichomoniasis caused by protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis , is the major nonviral sexually transmitted disease (STD). Clinical spectrum varies from an asymptomatic state to mild, moderate or severe symptoms. Methods: The study was planned to assess the prevalence of trichomoniasis in women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)/carcinoma cervix (n = 100), Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) seropositive women (n = 100), and symptomatic (n = 140) and asymptomatic (n = 109) women for trichomoniasis, by direct examination and culture of vaginal washes and urine. Results: None of the cervical carcinoma or HIV seropositive Indian patients, including 30% HIV seropositive patients with CD4 + cell count less than 200/l harbored T. vaginalis, while six (4.28%) symptomatic and four (3.66%) asymptomatic otherwise healthy subjects were found positive for T. vaginalis . Conclusion: Trichomoniasis was significantly associated ( P < 0.05) with being a housewife, belonging to the middle socioeconomic status, and nonuse of contraception. However there was no significant association with gravidity ( P > 0.05), HIV status or cervical carcinoma.


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