Indian J Sex Transm Dis Indian J Sex Transm Dis
Official Publication of the Indian Association for the Study of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 220-221
 

Seroprevalence of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, Human Immunodeficiency Virus surface, and syphilis among blood donors: A 6-year report from a sentinel site in Western Himalayas, India


1 Department of Medicine, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Tanda, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Tanda, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India
3 Department of Pathology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Tanda, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India
4 Blood Bank and Transfusion Medicine, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Tanda, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India

Date of Web Publication12-Oct-2015

Correspondence Address:
Sujeet Raina
C-15, Type-V Quarters, Dr. RPGMC Campus, Tanda, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0253-7184.167194

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How to cite this article:
Raina S, Raina SK, Kaul R, Sharma V. Seroprevalence of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, Human Immunodeficiency Virus surface, and syphilis among blood donors: A 6-year report from a sentinel site in Western Himalayas, India. Indian J Sex Transm Dis 2015;36:220-1

How to cite this URL:
Raina S, Raina SK, Kaul R, Sharma V. Seroprevalence of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, Human Immunodeficiency Virus surface, and syphilis among blood donors: A 6-year report from a sentinel site in Western Himalayas, India. Indian J Sex Transm Dis [serial online] 2015 [cited 2019 Nov 22];36:220-1. Available from: http://www.ijstd.org/text.asp?2015/36/2/220/167194


Sir,

Transfusion-transmitted infections (TTIs) continue to be a threat to safe transfusion practices. A 6-year record-based retrospective study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital located in the rural hilly area of Kangra valley of Western Himalayas, India. The records were retrospectively evaluated with respect to screening outcome for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), anti-HIV, anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV), and VDRL. HIV status of donors was determined by screening for antibodies to HIV-1 and HIV-2 by third-generation rapid immunochromatography sandwich assay. HBsAg and anti-HCV antibodies were determined using commercially available qualitative immunochromatographic assay kits. Antibodies to syphilis were tested in donor samples using qualitative solid phase immunochromatographic assay. The percentage and proportions for each variable were calculated.

A total of 27,995 blood donations were recorded. Among them, 26,306 (94%) were males and 1689 (6%) were females. 13,705 (49%) were voluntary donations and 14,290 (51%) were replacement donations. Yearly distribution of blood donations is shown in [Table 1], and yearly distribution of detected seropositivity is given in [Table 2].
Table 1: Yearly distribution of blood donors in the study population

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Table 2: Year‑wise seroprevalence of transfusion‑transmitted infections among blood donors

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Although various studies on TTI in blood donors are available from different regions of the country, data from a rural area of India are sparse. [1],[2],[3],[4] The aim of the present study was to know the seroprevalence of transfusion transmissible infections in donors in the Northern hilly state of Himachal Pradesh, India, located in the Western Himalayas. The advantages of this study are that no previous data are available from this rural area for comparison and analysis of time trends which can be derived from this 6-year observation. Further this study will be a reference for future studies to look into the time trends for TTIs from this rural area.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

 
   References Top

1.
Sonwane BR, Birare SD, Kulkarni PV. Prevalence of seroreactivity among blood donors in rural population. Indian J Med Sci 2003;57:405-7.  Back to cited text no. 1
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
2.
Giri PA, Deshpande JD, Phalke DB, Karle LB. Seroprevalence of transfusion transmissible infections among voluntary blood donors at a tertiary care teaching hospital in rural area of India. J Family Med Prim Care 2012;1:48-51.  Back to cited text no. 2
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
3.
Sood S, Malvankar S. Seroprevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen, antibodies to the hepatitis C virus, and human immunodeficiency virus in a hospital-based population in Jaipur, Rajasthan. Indian J Community Med 2010;35:165-9.  Back to cited text no. 3
[PUBMED]  Medknow Journal  
4.
Dhruva GA, Agravat AH, Pujara KM. Seroprevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis in blood donors in Saurashtra region of Gujarat: Declining trends over a period of 3½ years. Online J Health Allied Sci 2012;11:5.  Back to cited text no. 4
    



 
 
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