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Official Publication of the Indian Association for the Study of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 107-110

Awareness of needle-stick injuries among health-care workers in a tertiary health-care center


1 Department of Dermatology, STD and Leprosy, RCSM Government Medical College and CPR Hospital, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Dermatology, STD and Leprosy, Bharati Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University) Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Medicine, B. J. Government Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vidyadhar R Sardesai
102 Alliance Nakshatra, 48 Tulshibagwale Colony, Sahakarnagar 2, Pune - 411 009, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijstd.IJSTD_30_18

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Context: Needle-stick injuries (NSIs) pose a great occupational risk of blood-borne disease transmission in health-care workers (HCWs). Diseases of primary significance include hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and human immunodeficiency virus infection. Aims: This study aimed to check the awareness regarding the health hazards associated with NSIs and awareness regarding postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) and hepatitis B vaccination in HCWs. Settings and Design: This is a cross-sectional study conducted in a tertiary care government hospital. Subjects and Methods: A sample size of 100 HCWs, which consisted of 20 residents, 20 interns, 20 lab assistants, 20 nurses, and 20 Class IV workers, was taken. A predefined questionnaire was used and answers were documented. Statistical Analysis Used: Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis. Results: Out of the 100 HCWs enrolled in the study, 45% had a history of NSI during their career, the highest count was seen in Class IV workers i.e. 14 [70%]. Only 21% of the HCWs knew about the diseases transmitted by NSI. Only 30% of Class IV workers were aware of hepatitis B vaccination and none of them were vaccinated. Quite a good number of HCWs were aware regarding the first step to be undertaken in case of NSI. However, their knowledge regarding PEP was not up to the mark. Conclusions: NSIs were seen in all the categories of HCWs, but the awareness regarding health hazards due to NSI was inadequate. Except Class IV workers, rest of the HCWs were overall aware regarding hepatitis B vaccination. There is a need to give emphasis as regards to awareness of PEP in case of a NSI.


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