Indian J Sex Transm Dis Indian J Sex Transm Dis
Official Publication of the Indian Association for the Study of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 14-18

Profile of HIV-positives and determinants with mode of transmission of HIV/AIDS patients on anti-retroviral treatment center at civil hospital, Ahmedabad


Community Medicine Department, GMERS, Medical College, Sola, Ahmadabad, India

Correspondence Address:
Rashmi Sharma
12 Shrestha Bungalows Motera Stadium Road, Motera Gandhinagar Highway, Ahmadabad, 382424
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0253-7184.81248

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Context: Improved antiretroviral treatment (ART) access reduces AIDS mortality and lowers HIV incidence by reducing the viral load at the individual/community level. Aims: To find out the epidemiological profile of the patients at ART Centre of Civil Hospital, Ahmadabad. Settings and Design: Centre-based cross-sectional study. Materials and Methods: 132 AIDS patients (on ART) during Jan­-Aug, 2009. Statistical analysis used: Proportions and Chi-square test. Results: Out of 132 cases, 60% were males, 70% from 15-44 years of age, 80% married, 78% literate, and 43% were gainfully employed. Sexual route accounted for infection in 63% cases while in 22% cases mode of transmission could not be elicited. Less common routes were injecting drug use (9%) and blood transfusion (6%). Heterosexual route was more common (70%) among migrants than the locals (50%). Half of them were diagnosed by VCTC. Thirteen clients did not receive pre-test counseling; 9 (6.6%) did not inform their spouse. Proportion of discordant couple was 42%. Conclusions: Comparing these determinants of patients on ART with those detected at ICTC can help in identifying the characteristics helpful in sending people to ART centers and bridging the gap between those detected at ICTC and those who reach at ART centers.


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