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  Table of Contents  
LETTER TO EDITOR
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 71-73
 

Multiple primary penile chancre: A re-emphasize


Department of Skin and VD, GMC, Kota, Rajasthan, India

Date of Web Publication13-May-2014

Correspondence Address:
R Raghavendra Kalasapura
Department of Skin and VD, GMC, Kota, Rajasthan
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0253-7184.132410

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How to cite this article:
Kalasapura R R, Yadav DK, Jain SK. Multiple primary penile chancre: A re-emphasize. Indian J Sex Transm Dis 2014;35:71-3

How to cite this URL:
Kalasapura R R, Yadav DK, Jain SK. Multiple primary penile chancre: A re-emphasize. Indian J Sex Transm Dis [serial online] 2014 [cited 2022 Aug 18];35:71-3. Available from: https://www.ijstd.org/text.asp?2014/35/1/71/132410


Sir,

The incidence of primary syphilis is on a decline because of excellent responses to penicillin and increase in awareness of sexually transmitted diseases (STD) among youths and sexual workers. Syphilis is a STD caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum. Primary syphilis most often manifests as a solitary, painless chancre that develops at the site of infection within an average of 3 weeks after exposure to T. pallidum. [1] Primary syphilis is most often associated with a single, painless chancre, although it can manifest in other ways (i.e., multiple chancres, painful papules or ulcers, or no lesions). Solitary lesions are often thought to be typical, but multiple lesions frequently occur. [2]

A 20-year-old promiscuous male presented with asymptomatic lesions over the penis since 3 days. There was no history of pain, dysuria or discharge per urethra. On examination, there were four small discrete ulcers; one ulcer situated over distal shaft was discrete, indurated and non-tender. Other three ulcers developed after 3 days of the initial lesion and were superficially situated with regular border and with mild tenderness [Figure 1]. Inguinal examination revealed bilateral inguinal lymphadenopathy with firm discrete shotty lymph nodes with mild tenderness of the right inguinal nodes. The rest of the physical examination was unremarkable.
Figure 1: Multiple chancre on glans and distal part of penis with central
necrotic base and erythematous margin


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Gram stain of the tissue scraping from the base of ulcer was negative for Haemophilus ducreii and  Neisseria More Details gonorrhea. Dark ground microscopic examination revealed refractile T. pallidum only from newer lesion. Venereal Disease Research Laboratory titer was reactive up to 1:32 dilution. Bacterial culture of the tissue sample was negative. A diagnosis of multiple primary chancres was done and the patient was treated with a single intramuscular injection of benzathine penicillin 2.4 million units. On follow-up visit at day 7, lesions were healing reconfirming the diagnosis [Figure 2].

Various studies have shown a rise in the prevalence of syphilis in recent years in India. Most of the studies showing a constant or a rising prevalence of syphilis have shown an actual increase in the secondary stage of presentation. [3] Solitary lesions are often thought to be typical, but multiple lesions frequently occur. Atypical clinical features like multiple non-indurated tender chancres and ulcers with irregular and slightly undermined margins, and unilateral lymphadenitis [4] are also seen. Our patient presented with multiple chancres with atypical morphology, among them one was indurated and others were non-indurated. Furthermore seen was unilateral lymphadenitis.
Figure 2: All chancre in healing phase after 7 days of follow-up

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According to Koranne et al. out of 36 untreated primary chancre case four patients with primary syphilis had multiple chancres; two with two ulcers, one with three ulcers and one had four ulcers, three cases had only unilateral lymphadenitis. [5] Lesions that can be confused with the chancre of primary syphilis include herpes simplex virus infection, chancroid, fixed drug eruption, lymphogranuloma venereum, granuloma inguinale (donovanosis), traumatic ulcer, furuncle (boil), and aphthous ulcer. In conclusion, multiple primary chancre with atypical manifestation as in our case appears to be rare we have to reconsider every case of multiple genital lesion to rule out syphilis.

 
   References Top

1.Brown DL, Frank JE. Diagnosis and management of syphilis. Am Fam Physician 2003;68:283-90.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.Mandell GL, Bennett JE, Dolin R, editors. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 5 th ed. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone; 2000.p. 2474-90.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.Kar HH. Incidence of secondary syphilis on a rise and need for a separate flow chart for its syndromic management. Indian J Sex Trans Dis 2004;25:22-5.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.Chapel TA. The variability of syphilitic chancres. Sex Transm Dis 1978;5:68-70.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.Koranne RV, Raju PJ. Atypical manifestation of early syphilis. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 1990;56:37-9.  Back to cited text no. 5
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    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]


This article has been cited by
1 Coexistence of multiple sexually transmitted infections in a human immunodeficiency virus-negative individual
Deepa Augustine, Arya James, K. Preethi
Journal of Skin and Sexually Transmitted Diseases. 2022; 0: 1
[Pubmed] | [DOI]



 

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