|Year : 2020 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 137-138
Crusted scabies with scalp involvement in an institutionalized elderly
Hsiu-Hui Chiu1, Cheng-Che E Lan2
1 Department of Dermatology, E-Da Cancer Hospital; College of Medicine, I-Shou University, Taiwan
2 Department of Dermatology, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital; Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Kaohsiung, Taiwan
|Date of Submission||09-Feb-2018|
|Date of Acceptance||09-Jan-2019|
|Date of Web Publication||18-Jun-2020|
Dr. Cheng-Che E Lan
No. 100, Tzyou 1st Road, Kaohsiung
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
| Abstract|| |
Scabies is a common disease and typically described as a skin condition with sparing of face and scalp in adults. However, crusted scabies is not conventional scabies. It can also affect the scalp. Herein, we report an unusual case of crusted scabies with scalp infestation and suggest that for cases with suspicious lesions on scalp, immunocompromised patients or relapse cases, crusted scabies, special age groups, such as infant, young children, and the elderly, topical treatment of the scalp should be included.
Keywords: Crusted scabies, Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis, scabies
|How to cite this article:|
Chiu HH, Lan CC. Crusted scabies with scalp involvement in an institutionalized elderly. Indian J Sex Transm Dis 2020;41:137-8
A 91-year-old bed-ridden female with diabetes mellitus, stroke, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was admitted to the ward of internal medicine department due to sepsis. She is institutionalized to the nursing home. Hyperkeratotic plaque with scales over the occipital scalp without obvious skin lesion on the other site of body, including her face, except scaling lesions over finger webs, was noted [Figure 1]. Skin scrapings from a scalp lesion revealed abundant scabies mites, eggs, and scybala [Figure 2]. The patient was treated with topical scabicide and keratolytic agents. The patient died 2 days after diagnosis. We were not sure if there were any contactants affected in her nursing home.
|Figure 1: Hyperkeratotic plaque with scales over the occipital scalp (left) and finger web (right)|
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|Figure 2: Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis: Eggs and scybala (left) and mite (right)|
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Scabies is typically described as a skin condition sparing face and scalp. Therefore, most guidelines suggest that topical scabicide should be applied from neck down. However, scabies with scalp involvement may be not so rare as once commonly believed. For relapse or debilitated institutionalized patients, topical scabicide should be applied to the scalp as well to ensure the complete eradication of infestation.
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Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
[Figure 1], [Figure 2]