Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS
LETTER TO EDITOR
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 36  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 220--221

Seroprevalence of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, Human Immunodeficiency Virus surface, and syphilis among blood donors: A 6-year report from a sentinel site in Western Himalayas, India


Sujeet Raina1, Sunil K Raina2, Rashmi Kaul3, Vandana Sharma4,  
1 Department of Medicine, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Tanda, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Tanda, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India
3 Department of Pathology, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Tanda, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India
4 Blood Bank and Transfusion Medicine, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Government Medical College, Tanda, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Sujeet Raina
C-15, Type-V Quarters, Dr. RPGMC Campus, Tanda, Kangra, Himachal Pradesh
India




How to cite this article:
Raina S, Raina SK, Kaul R, Sharma V. Seroprevalence of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, Human Immunodeficiency Virus surface, and syphilis among blood donors: A 6-year report from a sentinel site in Western Himalayas, India.Indian J Sex Transm Dis 2015;36:220-221


How to cite this URL:
Raina S, Raina SK, Kaul R, Sharma V. Seroprevalence of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, Human Immunodeficiency Virus surface, and syphilis among blood donors: A 6-year report from a sentinel site in Western Himalayas, India. Indian J Sex Transm Dis [serial online] 2015 [cited 2021 Sep 17 ];36:220-221
Available from: https://www.ijstd.org/text.asp?2015/36/2/220/167194


Full Text

Sir,

Transfusion-transmitted infections (TTIs) continue to be a threat to safe transfusion practices. A 6-year record-based retrospective study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital located in the rural hilly area of Kangra valley of Western Himalayas, India. The records were retrospectively evaluated with respect to screening outcome for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), anti-HIV, anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV), and VDRL. HIV status of donors was determined by screening for antibodies to HIV-1 and HIV-2 by third-generation rapid immunochromatography sandwich assay. HBsAg and anti-HCV antibodies were determined using commercially available qualitative immunochromatographic assay kits. Antibodies to syphilis were tested in donor samples using qualitative solid phase immunochromatographic assay. The percentage and proportions for each variable were calculated.

A total of 27,995 blood donations were recorded. Among them, 26,306 (94%) were males and 1689 (6%) were females. 13,705 (49%) were voluntary donations and 14,290 (51%) were replacement donations. Yearly distribution of blood donations is shown in [Table 1], and yearly distribution of detected seropositivity is given in [Table 2].{Table 1}{Table 2}

Although various studies on TTI in blood donors are available from different regions of the country, data from a rural area of India are sparse. [1],[2],[3],[4] The aim of the present study was to know the seroprevalence of transfusion transmissible infections in donors in the Northern hilly state of Himachal Pradesh, India, located in the Western Himalayas. The advantages of this study are that no previous data are available from this rural area for comparison and analysis of time trends which can be derived from this 6-year observation. Further this study will be a reference for future studies to look into the time trends for TTIs from this rural area.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

References

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2Giri PA, Deshpande JD, Phalke DB, Karle LB. Seroprevalence of transfusion transmissible infections among voluntary blood donors at a tertiary care teaching hospital in rural area of India. J Family Med Prim Care 2012;1:48-51.
3Sood S, Malvankar S. Seroprevalence of hepatitis B surface antigen, antibodies to the hepatitis C virus, and human immunodeficiency virus in a hospital-based population in Jaipur, Rajasthan. Indian J Community Med 2010;35:165-9.
4Dhruva GA, Agravat AH, Pujara KM. Seroprevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis in blood donors in Saurashtra region of Gujarat: Declining trends over a period of 3½ years. Online J Health Allied Sci 2012;11:5.